Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. Lost quills are replaced with new quills. The largest porcupine, the North African crested porcupine, grows up to 36 inches (90 centimetres). The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. 3. Get to the Point: 5 Fast Facts About Porcupines. A mother and her young is considered a family group called a prickle. Reviewed by. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), and their tails can grow up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm). Porcupines are herbivores, they feed on leaves, bark, fruits. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. Each species is different, yet all have a few similar qualities. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), and their … The tail can be another 8 to 10 inches. porcupine Facts. boasts between 700 and 800 barbs along its tip. Apart from this, porcupines give birth to only one offspring which is something that’s unique to porcupines when compared to the other rodents. There is no mistaking what you are seeing when a Porcupine comes into view. Porcupines are most active at night but may be found foraging for food during the day, too. Porcupines can adapt to most habitats including dense wet forests and the most barren of deserts. They have even been found on Mt. The New World porcupines live in North and South America. When they grow accustomed to fending for themselves, baby porcupines leave their mothers—approximately 6 months after they're born. Porcupines are a mammal that is often considered a rodent. Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. When a porcupine feels threatened, it tenses up and attacks predators with the swat of its tail, embedding quills into their skin. Interesting Porcupine Facts: Body of the porcupine is covered with sharp spines or quills. There are, in total, 27 species of porcupine belonging to the families, Erethizontidae or Hystricidae. We identify a porcupine in a reader's photo and separate prickly fact from fiction. Those on the back may be 40cm long; the shorter, open-ended tail quills will rattle as a warning. ", That's right behind the second-place beaver, and the first-place capybara.Â. According to San Diego Zoo, porcupines normally weigh between 2.5 and 77 pounds (1.2 and 35 kilograms), depending on species. They weigh 12 to 35 pounds. – Source. Porcupines are nocturnal, which means they are active during the night and sleep during the day. Some quills, like those of Africa's crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. The origin of "porcupine" can be traced back to Old English and French words. Staff Author. It's muscular body is covered with up to … It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. FactsKing.com / Animal Facts / Top 8 Predators of Porcupines that Eat Porcupines The porcupine is best known for its sharp spikes and fierce look, helping it shield itself from predators. Porcupines are herbivores, eating leaves, plants, fruit, and the tender layer of tissue beneath the bark of trees. Porcupines live about 15 – 18 years. Interesting Porcupine Facts 1. This means that no matter the temperature of the environment that the porcupine is in, their internal temperature will always be the same. Quick Facts About Porcupines, Quills, and Pets. Both are covered with a total of 30,000 or more hollow quills. Porcupines can't shoot out their quills, but they will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal. Portrait of a Porcupine. Facts about Porcupines. They have poor eyesight, but a great sense of smell. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Porcupine Quills are dangerous to dogs because once they make contact with the skin, the quills can migrate further in and cause internal damage. Porcupines are nocturnal animals. By Liz Langley, for National Geographic. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. 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