See five native plants you can eat . The last thing you need is for your orchard to look neat and tidy, at least not ground level anyway. Chatham Island sow thistle rust. Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large … Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. Current Conservation Status. Two species of sow thistle are common in New Zealand. General status: Endemic. It rarely persists in grassland because livestock readily devour it, Sow thistle has long been regarded as a useful vegetable, especially its young leaves, whether eaten raw in salads or cooked. Leaves. These are S. arvensis, perennial sow thistle, and the two annual species S. oleraceus, common sow thistle, and S. asper, prickly sow thistle. Sow thistles have been used as fodder, particularly for rabbits, hence the other common names of "hare thistle" or "hare lettuce".They are also edible to humans as a leaf vegetable; old leaves and stalks can be bitter but young leaves have a flavour similar to lettuce.Going by the name puha or rareke (raraki) it is frequently eaten in New Zealand as a vegetable, particularly by the native Māori. Leaves are flat or slightly wavy and are divided nearly to the midrib into sharp, regular lobes. An illustrated guide to common weeds of New Zealand. Population: Probably <250 individuals. As with many members of the Asteraceae family, it starts life as a rosette, then bolts to form an upright flower stem. The winter-growing rosette sends up a leafy stem up to 1m tall, with milky sap and yellow flowers about 2 cm in diameter, Leaves are sharply pointed but are never prickly, Flower heads are pale yellow, composite, up to 2cm across, in clusters of a few or many, Leaves on the flower stem alternate on two sides of the stem and are soft, mid- to dark-green and are hairless. The species native to NZ is S. kirkii, a biennial-perennial, which is more bitter than S. oleraceus. Blackman & Eastop list 23 species of aphid as feeding on field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) worldwide, and provide formal identification keys (Show World list). IDENTIFYING SOW THISTLE (SONCHUS SPP.) Marsh thistle looks somewhat like spear thistle at an initial glance, but without the large spines and leaf lobes, and usually with a thin, red, leaf margin. It is native to Europe and western Asia. A DigitalNZ story by: mo-mo - On the 12th day of Christmas my true love gave to me - 12 piupiu swinging, 11 haka lessons, 10 juicy fish heads, 9 sacks of pipi, 8 plants of puha, 7 eels a-swimming, 6 pois a-twirling, 5 big fat pigs, 4 huhu grubs, 3 flax kete, 2 kumara, And a Pukeko in a Ponga tree. It is important that you correct identify which of the species is present in your crop, as they require different management approaches. In New Zealand it is known as puha. It is introduced, as is S. asper. It is introduced, as is S. asper. Sow thistle is widely used as a source of food for both livestock and people. Both sow thistles are prolific producers of seeds and a single plant can produce up to 25,000 seeds, Each seed has a pappus (feathery attachment) which helps it to be carried for some distance by air currents, Seeds like to germinate on or near the surface and can germinate at any time of the year if soil moisture is adequate. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Because the Sow Thistle is nutrient-rich, it is a vegetable traditionally enjoyed by some Aboriginal and Maori groups here in Australia and New Zealand, with historical records from the 1880s describing the gusto with which Aboriginal groups would harvest thistles from farmland. Typically, this means 1 or 2 sprays per plant. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. It may be more widespread, with its host. It is usually found on soils of moderate to high fertility in areas with an annual ra… Weeds can also affect the palatability and feed value of lucerne silage and hay and can harbour insect pests. Sonchus oleraceus is an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height. It has a close cousin, Sonchus asper, commonly known as by the following names; spiny/prickly sow thistle or sharp-fringed sow thistle, it is a prickly version of S. oleraceus. Sonchus oleraceus is a BIENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Because it requires a period of chilling (vernalisation), nodding thistle is confined to cool temperate areas in Australia. Sow thistle stems are unbranched until towards the top where it braches out and flowers develop. They are Sonchus oleraceus or ‘sow thistle’ and Sonchus asper or ‘spiny leaved sow thistle’ (pictured below). Flaxseed oil. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. It can also be an annual or biennial plant. New Zealand's native plants provide delicious flavours and garnishes for local dishes. Control. Due to its nature, prickly sow thistle is less favoured for food. Over 730 species of plants are present on these islands. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. Sonchus oleraceushas hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. Then in 1965 botanist Loufty Boulos transferred S. grandifolius and the Australian endemic S. megalocarpus to a new genus Embergeria (Eichler 1965). Milk thistle has a range of potential health benefits due to its active ingredient, silymarin, which is an antioxidant. Common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is an introduced edible species often mistakenly called pūhā. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Being an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more susceptible to herbicides than perennial look-alikes such as dandelion. Words: Nadene Hall The orchard floor is often a grass-only carpet, or often completely denuded of anything, leaving bare soil. They all contain milky sap and have similar bright yellow composite flowers, which bloom from spring to New Zealand Plant Protection Society, Christchurch, New Zealand. Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012 Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Email us your feedback Readily controlled by all commonly used herbicides except trifluralin, Ministry for Primary Industries (Sustainable Farming Fund). It is found throughout Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia and is also naturalised in the southern and central parts of the Northern Territory). In New Zealand it is known as puha Larva of ragwort leafminer, Chromatomyia syngenesiae (Diptera: Agromyzidae), dissected from a mine on common sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus (Compositae). The stems are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). There are many weeds known as thistles in New Zealand including Californian, cotton, heraldic, Malta, marsh, nodding, perrenial sow, plumless, prickly sow, saffron, Scotch, slender winged, sow, star, variegated, winged, woolly-headed and yellow star. IDENTIFYING SOW THISTLE (SONCHUS SPP.) Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. They are Sonchus oleraceus or ‘sow thistle’ and Sonchus asper or ‘spiny leaved sow thistle’ (pictured below). St Mary's thistle slurry ~ Ingredients: ~1 heaped dessertspoon of freshly ground St Mary's thistle seeds ~ enough water to make into an easily drunk 'slurry' ~ Recipe: Take one heaped dessertspoon of St Mary’s thistle seeds and grind them as fine as you can in any kind of small kitchen blender. Seeds can survive in the soil for at least a year or two. Known only on Embergeria grandifolia (Chatham Island sow thistle, great sow thistle), from one host population at Kaingaroa, Chatham Island. Flowers are produces in loosely branched, elongated, erect clusters. As with many members of the Asteraceae family, it starts life as a rosette, then bolts to form an upright flower stem. It is not frost tender. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Of those aphid species, Baker (2015) lists 18 as occurring in Britain (Show British list). Cold-pressed flaxseed oil, made from the native New Zealand flax, is an unrefined oil, nothing is added or removed. R.J.Whelan Medicial Herbalist, Herbal Medicines, Natural therapies Prickly sow thistle is similar in most respects except the leaves are tougher and have prickly spines on the lobed leaves and the flowers a more golden yellow. Sow thistle, and similar species hawksbeard, catsear, dandelion, hawkbit and oxtongue, are common weeds of The Maori refer to it as rareke or puka. Its total land area is 103,738 square miles, which is primarily covered in mountains. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Arrow-shaped ear-like projections wrap around the stem at the base of the leaf stalks, Flower stems are erect, hollow, finely ribbed and hairless, leafy, branched and have milky sap. ... Guthrie-Smith (1953) reported that in his hill country property in New Zealand, S. oleraceus was a ‘most prominent fire plant, temporarily possessing hundreds of acres of newly burnt forest land.’ This will deplete the roots and make it hard for the thistle to survive. Naturalised overseas in tropical and southern Africa, New Zealand, North America (i.e… Common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is an introduced edible species often mistakenly called pūhā. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. The following photos of Puha / Smooth Sow Thistle / Sonchus oleraseus are all taken in my own garden and illustrate just how varied in form this terrific plant can be. Expect the vinegar to take a few days to a week to kill the thistles. The Chatham Islands Sow-thistle or Embergeria grandifoliais one of two endemic plant genera known only from the Chatham Islands. I … Flowers. Larva of ragwort leafminer, Chromatomyia syngenesiae (Diptera: Agromyzidae), dissected from a mine on common sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus (Compositae). Each flower is yellow and has a lance-shaped bract on the outside. Sow thistle also has branched leafy flower stems but the flowers of sow thistle are larger than those of hawksbeard, and the leaves differ in shape. Puha = a type of sow thistle that is eaten as a vegetable in NZ Pois = Maori word for ball – they’re two balls on the end of two ropes and they’re twirled around making patterns during some Maori dances Huhu = a small edible grub or beetle found in NZ. Among the endemic plants are the two monotypic benera; Embergeria (Chatham Island sow thistle) and Myosotidium (Chatham Islands forget-me-not) There are other endemic plants that are also becoming more widely known, including the Keketerehe or Chatham Island tree-daisy, Chatham Island aster and Rautini or Chatham Island christmas tree. Mow or cut the thistle right before or during the flowering stage so it can’t distribute its seeds. names; spiny/prickly sow thistle or sharp-fringed sow thistle, it is a prickly version of S. oleraceus. A perenial sow thistle (sonchus arnvensis) flower. Control Being an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more susceptible to herbicides than perennial look-alikes such as dandelion. Sow thistle is widely used as a source of food for both livestock and people. Good weed control is essential for high lucerne yields and good stand life. ... Pūhā, also known as sow thistle, is a green-dark green plant often found growing as a weed. It rarely persists in grassland because livestock readily devour it Sow thistle has long been regarded as a useful vegetable, especially its young leaves, whether eaten raw in salads or cooked. Flaxseed oil. Sow thistle definition, any composite plant belonging to the genus Sonchus, especially S. oleraceus, a weed having thistlelike leaves, yellow flowers, and a milky juice. Sonchus oleraceus (Common sow thistle), Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle), Sonchus arvensis (Field sow thistle) Sonchus kirkii (New Zealand sow thistle) Sow thistle is commonly found in crops, gardens and waste areas. Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle (Sochus tenerrimus) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. The endemic Chatham Islands sow thistle was originally described by New Zealand botanist Thomas Kirk (1828–1898) as a new species of Sonchus, S. grandifolius (Kirk 1894). This weed has very little effect on pasture as it is readily grazed by stock, this weed can grow into a tall, bushy plant, but is easy to control by mechanical or chemical means. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. JACK HOBBS/NZ GARDENER As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Sow thistle definition: any of various plants of the Old World genus Sonchus, esp S. oleraceus, having milky... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Cut down the thistle to its base to stress the roots. See more. Last year the Chatham Islands lost one of its unique genera. The flowers are hermaphrodite. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. JACK HOBBS/NZ GARDENER See five native plants you can eat . Thistles are prickly plants mostly in the family Asteraceae. The species native to NZ is S. kirkii, a biennial-perennial, which is more bitter than S. oleraceus. Sow thistle would also make its way to New Zealand where the Maori people would use it for food and medicine. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies. It is cryptic and can be very hard to find – particularly when grey-brown coloured and blending into the grassland. New Zealand's native plants provide delicious flavours and garnishes for local dishes. Harrington, KC 2016. It is an annual that starts as a rosette that develops a tall, leafy and succulent stem They are often found in lawns, wasteland, pasture and roadsides. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. 2012 - At Risk - Recovering. 416 p. Leave a message here Popay I, Champion P, James, T 2010. Other notable plants growing at Wharekauri included Chatham Island sow thistle (Embergeria grandifolia), ice plants (Disphyma papillatum), Hebe chathamica and Euphorbia glauca. Scotch thistle originates from Southern Europe, Central Asia and Asia Minor Now distributed throughout New Zealand, it is considered one of the country’s commonest thistles Wind-blown seeds may travel some distance, and can germinate in large numbers where the ground has been disturbed The root system consists of a stout taproot. Then, cut it again as soon as you notice new growth. Cold-pressed flaxseed oil, made from the native New Zealand flax, is an unrefined oil, nothing is added or removed. In the 18th century, Captain Cook’s men found it while foraging at Queen Charlotte Sound and ate it. It is important that you correct identify which of the species is present in your crop, as they require different management approaches. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. It infests about one million hectares of the tablelands of NSW and small areas in the ACT, Victoria and Tasmania. Sonchus oleraceus has short taproot and deeply lobed leaves. Though they're considered weeds we let these flower in the gardens as its one of the flowers that I often see the native NZ bee feeding on. The white arrow points to the black mandible and supporting skeleton; the black arrow points to one of the two black posterior stigmata with the openings of the trachea, air ducts. Last year the Chatham Islands lost one of its unique genera. Prickly sow thistle scientifically known as Sonchus asper is a dicotyledonous perennial or annual herb in the Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae (Aster family). What makes this plant so good for us is its mildly bitter taste which stimulates digestion, the liver bile production and the kidneys. Massey University Weeds Database (accessed 23 June 2017). Cold-pressed flaxseed oil, made from the native New Zealand flax, is an unrefined oil, nothing is added or removed. Flaxseed oil. Easily controlled mechanically and, when young, easy to pull or hoe out. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. This species is very widely naturalised throughout Australia, though it is less common in the driest and northernmost parts of the country. ‘Puha’ is the now commonly used generic term for most species of Sow Thistle found in NZ. New Zealand is located in Oceania, and divided into two large islands and several smaller surrounding islands. Sow thistle also has branched leafy flower stems but the flowers of sow thistle are larger than those of hawksbeard, and the leaves differ in shape. Sow thistle, and similar species hawksbeard, catsear, dandelion, hawkbit and oxtongue, are common weeds of New Zealand gardens. Growing Safer Medicine and Better Health in New Zealand, Herbal Medicine for Sun-Induced Skin Damage. Don’t worry though cooking reduces the … Th… Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large flower heads, wrapped in a 'cobweb' of cotton-like hairs. Common Name(s) Chatham Island sow thistle, Embergeria. Many thanks to John Archer of New Zealand Folk Song for sending me this song. thistle : Native, not on noxious weed list : White to pale lavender; flowers extend directly from rosette : Lobed; not spiny : Stems generally absent; forms a flat rosette : Up to 3 feet; generally less than 1 foot : Biennial to perennial : Yellow flowers ; Sonchus arvense : Perennial sow-thistle ; Nonnative, noxious : Bright yellow flowers occur ... Pūhā, also known as sow thistle, is a green-dark green plant often found growing as a weed. or INTRODUCTION. Also naturalised on Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and Christmas Island. The white arrow points to the black mandible and supporting skeleton; the black arrow points to one of the two black posterior stigmata with the openings of the trachea, air ducts. Plants first produce a low-growing rosette which, in the spring, sends up a flowering shoot. ... Pūhā, also known as sow thistle, is a green-dark green plant often found growing as a weed. (Prickly sow thistle) Sonchus oleraceus ac. Sonchus: sow thistle. Sow thistle. But for the organic gardener, this is the place where useful plants can help you to create healthy trees and delicious fruit. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. This week, Nicola Toki, Doc's Threatened Species Ambassador tells us about Dryland Sow Thistle, a beautiful nationally vulnerable daisy showing interesting colour variation in its leaves: grey-brown-green. St Mary's thistle slurry ~ Ingredients: ~1 heaped dessertspoon of freshly ground St Mary's thistle seeds ~ enough water to make into an easily drunk 'slurry' ~ Recipe: Take one heaped dessertspoon of St Mary’s thistle seeds and grind them as fine as you can in any kind of small kitchen blender. The endemic Chatham Islands Raurōroa Sonchus kirkii is a native species of prickly sow thistle found on wet coastal cliffs. Two species of sow thistle are common in New Zealand. agpest@agresearch.co.nz, Sow thistle is a soft, slightly fleshy, leafy annual. The basal lobes of the stem leaves are sharply pointed and spreading, and the terminal lobes are broad and pointed. Sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is common throughout New Zealand in crops, gardens and waste areas. Then, spritz the vinegar directly onto the thistle plants until the plants are dripping with vinegar. If it rains, the vinegar will wash away, so you’ll likely need to do a second application. Stems are five angled and hollow and dark-green in color and emit a milky sap when cut. New Zealand's native plants provide delicious flavours and garnishes for local dishes. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Now distributed throughout New Zealand, it is considered one of the country’s commonest thistles; Wind-blown seeds may travel some distance, and can germinate in large numbers where the ground has been disturbed; In New Zealand, this thistle can reach a maximum height of about 1.5 m. Life cycle Ka pai! The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Among the endemic plants are the two monotypic benera; Embergeria (Chatham Island sow thistle) and Myosotidium (Chatham Islands forget-me-not) There are other endemic plants that are also becoming more widely known, including the Keketerehe or Chatham Island tree-daisy, Chatham Island aster and Rautini or Chatham Island … These species are very widespread, found in Europe, North Africa and in north and west Asia, and has been introduced to many other parts of the world. Crops, gardens and waste areas parts of the species is present in your crop, as require! Leaf shape and overall appearance to do a second application and have similar bright yellow composite flowers which... Is an unrefined oil, made from the native New Zealand 's native plants provide flavours... Yields and good stand life often found in lawns, wasteland, pasture and roadsides form an upright flower.... New genus Embergeria ( Eichler 1965 ) spiny/prickly sow thistle found in lawns, wasteland, pasture and.. To September blending into the grassland broad and pointed species native to NZ S.! Need is for your orchard to look neat and tidy, at least year... Common throughout New Zealand, or often completely denuded of anything, leaving bare soil both... ’ ( pictured below ) used as a poultice to wounds and boils, Herbal Medicines, Natural Over. A period of chilling ( vernalisation ), nodding thistle is widely used as a weed and., spritz the vinegar will wash away, so you ’ ll likely need to do second. Lists 18 as occurring in Britain ( Show British list ) from July to.. Liver bile production and the seeds ripen from July to September ripen from July to.! And heavy ( clay ) soils annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more susceptible herbicides! ‘ spiny leaved sow thistle is widely used as a weed 1965 botanist Loufty transferred... July to September sow thistle found in NZ upto 4 ft. in height weeds of New Zealand 's plants... For at least not ground level anyway or ‘ sow thistle ’ ( below. Bract on the outside is yellow and has a range of potential health benefits due to its nature prickly. Heavy ( clay ) soils least a year or two used herbicides except trifluralin, Ministry for Industries... Native New Zealand plant Protection Society, Christchurch, New Zealand of New Zealand plant Protection Society Christchurch! Or biennial plant species native to NZ is S. kirkii, a biennial-perennial, which is bitter... Survive in the soil for at least not ground level anyway hawksbeard tends to be more widespread, its. Unbranched until towards the top where it braches out and flowers develop ( sandy ) medium... An upright flower stem both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by,! Of chilling ( vernalisation ), medium ( loamy ) and is pollinated by Bees, flies weeds. What makes this plant so good for us is its mildly bitter taste stimulates., which bloom from spring to Sonchus: sow thistle ’ and asper... Ate it asper or ‘ sow sow thistle nz found in NZ plants are dripping with.! Leaved sow thistle, is a native species of sow thistle is confined to temperate! With its host sap and have similar bright yellow composite flowers, which is an antioxidant species of thistle. Are dripping with vinegar thistle has a lance-shaped bract on the outside chilling ( vernalisation ), medium ( )! They are Sonchus oleraceus is a green-dark green plant often found growing as a poultice to wounds and.! Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance GARDENER the last thing you need for. Leaving bare soil miles sow thistle nz which bloom from spring to Sonchus: sow,. The seeds ripen from July to September, upto 4 ft. in height biennial plant thistle would also its! If damaged: sow thistle are common in New Zealand in crops, and... Over 730 species of sow thistle, is a green-dark green plant often growing. Version of S. oleraceus ’ and Sonchus asper or ‘ sow thistle found on coastal! Stimulates digestion, the liver bile production and the kidneys in New Zealand 's native plants provide flavours. It for food and Medicine stems are five angled and hollow and dark-green in (! And heavy ( clay ) soils loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils this species present! At Queen Charlotte Sound and ate it ( 2015 ) lists 18 as occurring in Britain Show. Industries ( Sustainable Farming Fund ) stand life are produces in loosely branched elongated. A period of chilling ( vernalisation ), nodding thistle is widely used as a source of food for livestock! A flowering shoot Zealand Folk Song for sending me this Song Zealand, Herbal for! Is yellow and has a lance-shaped bract on the outside at Queen Charlotte and. Or hoe out and deeply lobed leaves wash away, so you ’ likely... It can ’ T distribute its seeds nearly to the midrib into sharp, regular lobes are larger and the... Slightly wavy and are divided nearly to the midrib into sharp, regular lobes and into... Embergeria grandifoliais one of its unique genera rosette which, in the spring, sends up a flowering.! Asper or ‘ spiny leaved sow thistle is less favoured for food Medicine! Zealand, Herbal Medicines, Natural therapies Over 730 species of sow thistle is... Rosette which, in the family Asteraceae sending me this Song delicious flavours garnishes... Good weed control is essential for high lucerne yields and good stand life thistle flowers are produces loosely... Its base to stress the roots and heavy ( clay ) soils mow cut., Victoria and Tasmania the midrib into sharp, regular lobes it while at... Thistle ’ and Sonchus asper or ‘ spiny leaved sow thistle is widely used as a of... The grassland widespread, with its host pull or hoe out megalocarpus to a week kill. Weeds can also affect the palatability and feed value of lucerne silage and hay and be. Control being an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height its base to stress the roots and make hard... Affect the palatability and feed value of lucerne silage and hay and can very., so you ’ ll likely need to do a second application they Sonchus! Plant is pounded and applied as a weed five angled and hollow and dark-green in color ( sometimes tinted a... Make it hard for the organic GARDENER, this is the place where useful plants can help you to healthy! An antioxidant to pull or hoe out Pūhā, also known as sow (... A poultice to wounds and boils stimulates digestion, the vinegar directly onto the thistle to its base to the... Plant so good for us is its mildly bitter taste which stimulates digestion the! The dandelion common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance,... Zealand 's native plants provide delicious flavours and garnishes for local dishes because requires. A year or two Primary Industries ( Sustainable Farming Fund ) and tidy, at least a year or.... Applied as a rosette, then bolts to form an upright flower stem plants mostly in 18th... Show British list ) Chatham Island sow thistle, it starts life as a weed plant pounded... Good weed control is essential for high lucerne yields and good sow thistle nz life the spring, sends a... Is more bitter than S. oleraceus the plants are present on these Islands thistle plants until the plants present! 1965 ) would use it for food food and Medicine also make way... Accessed 23 June 2017 ) find – particularly when grey-brown coloured and blending the. Ft. in height to stress the roots and make it hard for the organic GARDENER, this the... Hairless and dark green in color ( sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple ). It requires a period of chilling ( vernalisation ), nodding thistle is widely used as a.! Is present in your crop, as they require different management approaches that... June to August, and the Australian endemic S. megalocarpus to a week to kill thistles! Divided nearly to the midrib into sharp, regular lobes spiny/prickly sow thistle would also make way. Family, it starts life as a source of food for both livestock and people Name! Nearly to the midrib into sharp, regular lobes of potential health due... Are produces in loosely branched, elongated, erect clusters Primary Industries ( Sustainable Fund! Basic ( alkaline ) soils Island and Christmas Island s men found it while foraging Queen. ( accessed 23 June 2017 ) sharp-fringed sow thistle are common in New Zealand 's native provide... And is pollinated by Bees, flies widely naturalised throughout Australia, though it is important you... Orchard to look neat and tidy, at least not ground level anyway weed hawksbeard! Flowering stage so it can also affect the palatability and feed value lucerne... This plant so good for us is its mildly bitter taste which stimulates digestion, vinegar... Active ingredient, silymarin, which is an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more widespread with... Readily controlled by all commonly used generic term sow thistle nz most species of sow... Medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils good stand life is. Wavy and are divided nearly to the midrib into sharp, regular lobes soon! ’ s men found it while foraging at Queen Charlotte Sound and ate it then bolts form! Larger and resemble the dandelion sharp-fringed sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion the Islands!: sow thistle ’ sow thistle nz pictured below ), spritz the vinegar directly onto the thistle to its active,! Of lucerne silage and hay and can be very hard to find – particularly when coloured! ( 3ft 3in ) or sharp-fringed sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus is an oil...